Public Utility Management
In terms of the Utility Management Act, public utility management means carrying out public utility activities, and in particular, provision of utility services and financing of construction and maintenance of facilities and equipment of the public utility infrastructure as a comprehensive system in the territory of local self-government units as well as counties.
Local self-government units and legal and natural persons that carry out public utility services are obliged, pursuant to the Utility Management Act and special regulations, to ensure permanent and quality performance of utility activities and maintenance of municipal facilities and equipment in a state of functional operability. Likewise, they are obliged to ensure their operation to be public and the performance of public utility services to be based on the principles of sustainable development.
In terms of the Utility Management Act, public utility activities comprise: public passenger transport, maintenance of cleanliness in public areas (except in parts related to collection and disposal of municipal waste on regulated landfills and utility services of municipal waste disposal), maintenance of public areas, unclassified roads, outdoor retail market places, as well as maintenance of cemeteries and crematoriums, carrying out chimney sweeping works, and public lighting.
Public utility activities can be carried out by companies, public institutions and services –organisations established by local self-government units, legal and natural persons on the basis of concession agreements, and legal and natural persons on the basis of contracts on entrusting the provision of public utility services.
In order to regulate in more detail relations in public utility management, representative bodies of local self-government units are obliged to pass a decision on municipal order and on measures for its implementation. The development of a settlement, maintaining cleanliness and preservation of public areas, use of public areas, collection, transport and treatment of collected municipal waste, snow and ice removal, removal of illegally placed objects, municipal order enforcement measures and penalty provisions are prescribed by the decision on municipal order. Monitoring of municipal order implementation is carried out by the municipal enforcement service.
The funds for performing utility services are provided from: the utility service price, utility charges, budget of local self-government units and other sources under special regulations.